Unix Vs

Unix vs Linux

Differences and Comparison of Unix and Linux

Linux is a specially designed Unix variant. In this article, comparing Unix vs Linux, we will analyze the similarities and differences between the two operating systems.

People pick between the two based on minor details, and although Unix has historically dominated the market, demand for Linux-certified specialists has been on the rise over the past few years.

Therefore, we suggest you enroll in our Unix Training Institute in Chennai to explore a wide range of opportunities in these domains.

What is Unix?

An exclusive operating system is Unix. It is a reliable, multi-user, multi-tasking system for servers, desktop computers, and laptops.

Unix is an OS that is well-liked by businesses, academic institutions, major corporations, etc. At AT&T Bell Labs, an operating system named Unix was created in the late 1960s.

Because it was written in C, changes, acceptance, and portability were made more quickly. Under the direction of Bell Labs’ Ken Thompson, what started as a one-man effort grew into one of the most popular operating systems.

The Command Line Interface was how the Unix OS operated at first, but subsequently, GUIs for Unix systems have been developed.

What is Linux?

Linux is a well-known, open-source, and cost-free operating system for mainframes, tablet PCs, computer hardware, and software development.

Linus Torvalds created Linux in 1991 at the University of Helsinki, taking inspiration from the Linux kernel. It stood out because it could be installed on many kinds of computers, cell phones, tablets, video game consoles, and other devices.

One of the most notable cases of free and open-source software collaboration is the creation of Linux.

Today, a large number of businesses and people have produced their own operating systems based on the Linux kernel, such as Apple’s iOS.

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Unix Vs Linux: Differences and Comparisons

In their Usage : Linux may be used by anyone, from beginners to developers to casual enthusiasts, whereas Unix is primarily utilized in workstations and internet servers.

In their Development and Distribution : AT&T, several commercial vendors, and nonprofit organizations are primarily responsible for developing Unix distributions.

Linux, in contrast, is created through open-source development and is sold by a variety of companies.

In their Processor : On PA-RISC and Itanium machines, Unix is available and supports a variety of processors, including x86/x64, Sparc, Power, Itanium, PA-RISC, PowerPC, and many more.

The number of processors used by Linux, which was originally designed for Intel’s x86 technology, is far higher, and it has ports for many different CPU types.

In their Support Feature : Linux supports Ext2, Ext3, Ext4, Jfs, ReiserFS, Xfs, Btrfs, FAT, NTFS, and many other file systems, whereas Unix supports jfs, gpfs, hfs, hfs+, ufs, xfs, and zfs formats.

In their Interface : The Bourne Shell was once Unix’s default. Now it works with a lot more people, including BASH, Korn, and C. The default shell for Linux is called BASH (Bourne Again SHell). Multiple command interpreters are supported.

In their GUI : At first, Unix was a command-based operating system, but later, a GUI known as Common Desktop Environment was developed. Most distributions now include Gnome out of the box. KDE and Gnome are the two GUIs that Linux usually offers.

However, there are countless substitutes, like LXDE, Xfce, Unity, Mate, etc.

In their Portability : Linux is portable, but Unix isn’t, and it can also be started from a USB stick.

In their Security and Threat Detection : Users must wait a while to receive the right bug-fixing patch due to the proprietary nature of the original Unix.

These, however, are less typical. In Unix, between 80 and 120 viruses have been identified thus far. Because Linux is primarily a community-driven operating system, anytime a Linux user files a threat, some people from around the world begin working on it.

This makes threat detection and resolution fairly quick. Up to this point, between 60 and 100 viruses that are currently dormant in Linux have been listed.

In their Source Code : While there are open-source versions of the Unix tree, such as NetBSD, OpenBSD, and FreeBSD, Unix was created by many vendors, including IBM, HP, etc., for their business needs.

The source code won’t be made available to the general public. Thus, Linux has been created, and the GNU license has allowed for the public distribution of the source code.

In their License : The cost structures of various Unix flavors vary, according to the vendors who sell them. Linux is freely available for download via websites, books, journals, and other sources.

There are paid versions as well, although to be really honest, the support contract is the only thing that sets the paid and unpaid distributions.

Challenges in Unix

  • To put it mildly, the Unix interface is uninviting, terse, inconsistent, and non-mnemonic.
  • Fast performance isn’t entirely how Unix OS is intended to work.
  • Because a typing error can delete files, the shell interface can be dangerous.
  • Because it differs from machine to machine, Unix versions lack general consistency.
  • Real-time response systems cannot be supported by Unix because there is no guaranteed hardware interrupt response time.

Challenges in Linux

  • There is no Linux standard edition available.
  • Linux has patchier driver support, which could cause the system as a whole to malfunction.
  • Many Windows-only programs can only be used on Linux with the aid of a complex emulator. An Example, Microsoft Office


By helping you master key Unix vs Linux concepts like installations, packages, architecture, file systems, user management, scripting data, and various useful commands and utilities with hands-on exposure, our training in Unix and Linux is aimed to mold you into a Unix vs Linux professional and assist you in running applications, performing desired functions on your system and networks, creating a network configuration, and maintaining security administration.

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