Both frontend and backend developments play important roles to make impressive and interactive web pages.
Before we discuss the simplest of front and backend developments, let us understand what it means.
Web Development: Frontend Development
The thing that is visually seen and interacts on screen by the user is called the frontend of the website.
The learning of frontend development brings numerous job opportunities for freshers and professionals in big companies like Accenture, Infosys, and Wipro, etc.
Popular technologies that simplify the frontend development
Angular JS: This is the product of Google that provides a readable, expressive, and accessible environment to simplify the frontend development.
It allows the developers to focus on different functionalities along with features like HTML document manipulation, Ajax, and traversal.
It enables the developers to build highly interactive web applications with powerful theme mechanisms.
It supports different browsers and available as open-source. It is easy to maintain and helps to create great documentation.
It has control over namespace accessing and allows the developers to manage private and public code from a single workflow.
Twitter Bootstrap: It is one of the best tools used for frontend development by worldwide developers. It is a framework that simplified the work of developers to create client-side coding easily that produces appealing frontends.
It provides the abstraction of the general development element used in reusable modules.
Apart from them, there are tools and technologies such as Chrome developer tools, Zurb, SASS, Less, and HTML5 Boilerplate, and so on for simplifying the frontend development.
This kind of frontend web technologies coming up to the market used in the rapid growth of frontend Web Development and deployments. The developers can enhance the development skill by learning these tools through hands-on practices for their career growth.
The source that the user receives a response from is called backend and it is like a black box where no process is seen to the user on the screen.
Popular tools and technologies that simplify the backend development
The backend development is the uppermost need of website development and the technologies are simplifying the development through numerous tools and technologies for startup founders, corporate decision-makers, and IT heads as per the requirement of the project, or applications.
The chosen backend development technology should have scalability, instant response, and functioning speed that helps the customer to receive satisfactory results in less waiting time.
- Languages and Frameworks like PHP, Python, Ruby on Rails, Node.JS, and Laravel.
- Web Server technologies like Apache, and NGINX.
- Database applications like MySQL, PostgreSQL, and MongoDB
- Git Clients and Services like Source Tree, and Github Client
- Microservices platforms like Docker, and Kubernetes.
- Local Development Environments like XAMPP, WampServer, and Laragon
- Collaboration Services like Slack, Asana, and Jira
- Website speed test tools like Google PageSpeed Insights, and Full Page Load Tester
- Web Development Communities like Stackoverflow, Refind, and Hash node.
We highlight here some of the most used technologies that are used widely for backend development. The learning of the technologies brings tremendous job opportunities in backend development.
It has specialized features like Speed development, less overhead, minimalist backend technology, reduced expenses, open-source community, and I/O request handling.
Python: It has popular frameworks such as Django, Flask, and CherryPy for developing websites and is used in web apps like Instagram, Google, and Spotify.
It has features like easy to understandable codes, extensive libraries, affordable, IoT opportunities, and embeddable nature.
PHP: It includes frameworks like Laravel, Cake PHP, and Symfony for developing backend development and is used in web apps like Yahoo, WordPress, and Wikipedia. It has features like open-source availability, platform independence, cost-effective, simplified programming, beginner-friendly, automated development tasks, and security against target attacks.
Apart from these technologies, there are some more technologies that are used in backend development such as Scala, Kotlin, Ruby, Java, C#, Perl, and C++. Backend development becomes very easy nowadays through these tools, technologies, and frameworks that simplify the efforts and process of backend developers.
The continuous learning and up-gradation of the foundation skills help the beginners to develop web pages effectively and efficiently.